Welcome to this self-guided tour of the Quebec City's Notre-Dame Cathedral, the official home of the oldest catholic diocese from North America to northern Mexico. This is where the first mission chapel of New France was erected, in 1647, followed by the first parish church of New France, in 1664. This church was then turned into a cathedral in 1674, before being expanded and altered by several generations of architects. This is a model of religious architecture.
Bombarded during the siege of Quebec in 1759, but fairly accurately rebuilt in 1766-1771, then equipped in 1843 with an impressive neoclassical façade, it was elevated to the rank of basilica in 1874. Ravaged by a fire in 1922, it was also almost entirely rebuilt, keeping its monumental appearance in the mid-19th century, then proclaimed Canada’s primatial cathedral in 1956.
Notre-Dame de Quebec is a cathedral because it is the Bishop of Quebec’s church. It is also a basilica, i.e., recognized as an important place of Catholicism, a place of pilgrimage. Afterwards, it was finally given the le title of primatial church because it is the mother church of the first catholic diocese in Canada.
This tool has been designed to guide you and inform you through your cellphone or a tablet during your tour. You can also use it in offline mode with the Preload option of the BaladoDiscovery app.
Directions to get there
Enjoy your tour!
Paroisse Notre-Dame de Québec
Bishop Denis Bélanger
Texts and reviews
Sister Hélène Bastarache
Bishop Denis Bélanger
Monique Bhérer, volunteer at the reception
BaladoDiscovery (for Paroisse Notre-Dame de Québec)
Photos by Daniel Abel, official photographer
© Images from point 1 (content 1), ainsi que 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 2.1, 2.1, 2.3, 2.4, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 4.1, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7, 5.8, 5.9, 5.10, 5.11, 5.12, 5.13, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 7.1, 7.2, 7.4, 7.5, 8.1.
Portrait of François de Laval
© image from point 2 (content 2): Title: Picture of Saint Francois de Québec, Daniel Abel, photographer, courtesy of the François-De Laval animation centre.
Images of the pope
Memory book of the Notre-Dame de Québec Basilica, Imprimerie Laflamme, 1923 ; Légaré, Denyse, L’Inspirante basilique-cathédrale, L’Architecture de Notre-Dame de Québec, Québec, Éditions du Septentrion, 2014 ; Noppen, Luc, Les églises du Québec (1600-1850), Éditions FIDES, 1980 ; Noppen, Luc, Notre-Dame de Québec, Éditions du Pélican, 1974 ; Robert, Paul, Le Petit Robert 1, Dictionnaire de la langue française, les Dictionnaires Le Robert, 1990 ; Société des musées québécois, Notre-Dame de Québec, Inventaire du patrimoine mobilier religieux, 2013.