Acadia Historic Trail

Canada’s history begins in Nova Scotia, where, after enduring a harsh winter, French settlers founded Port-Royal in 1605, establishing the first permanent European settlement in North America. Despite an ongoing state of war between France and England, the colony developed progressively along the shores of French Bay through 1755, giving birth to a proud, resilient and courageous people: the Acadians.

British authorities, in collusion with the Governors of New England, ultimately ordered the deportation of the Acadian people, in the interest of taking ownership of these very desirable lands. Thousands of Acadians were captured during what is known as the Deportation, with homes, farms and belongings destroyed, families separated and the Acadian people transported to far flung corners of the globe.

Today, there are at least 3.8 million descendants of these Acadians all around the world: 500,000 in the Atlantic Provinces, 1 million in Louisiana, 1 million in New England, 1 million in Quebec and approximately 300,000 in France.

Through this fascinating route, you will experience a unique view of the Acadian people and witness many historic marks left behind following the Deportation. Visit National Historic Sites that recount their story, come and research the details of Acadian ancestors, enjoy the legendary hospitality of this vibrant people throughout Nova Scotia and follow a fascinating path traced by this founding people of our nation. We are waiting for you!

The Fédération acadienne de la Nouvelle-Écosse wishes to extend its sincere appreciation to the following departments and organization:

  • Canadian Heritage
  • Acadian Affairs and Francophonie 
  • Fédération culturelle acadienne de la Nouvelle-Écosse for granting permission to use the Revue musicale acadienne 1997 CD
  • Mr. Calixte Duguay, songwriter and editor, and the Société du droit de reproduction des auteurs compositeurs et éditeurs au Canada

To know more about Acadia, both historical and modern, visit (in French only).